Scuba Diving in Egypt: Comprehensive Guide

Scuba Diving in Egypt - Photo by Istock at Istock

Scuba Diving in Egypt: Comprehensive Guide

Egypt, a land steeped in ancient history, offers more than just pyramids and pharaohs; it’s a treasure trove for underwater adventurers. As a scuba diving destination, Egypt presents a world of unparalleled aquatic beauty, especially in the mesmerizing waters of the Red Sea. This sea, known for its crystal-clear visibility and vibrant marine life, stands as a unique appeal to divers from around the globe. The underwater world reveals a kaleidoscope of colorful coral reefs, enchanting fish species, and historical wrecks, promising an unforgettable diving experience. The Red Sea isn’t just a body of water; it’s a gateway to exploring the secrets and wonders of the marine world, making Egypt a top destination for scuba enthusiasts.

 The Allure of the Red Sea

The Red Sea, a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lies between Africa and Asia and is one of the most beautiful marine habitats in the world. Its geological and ecological significance is profound. Formed over millions of years, this sea is a rift valley that continues to widen, making it a unique spot for marine biodiversity.

This underwater paradise is home to some of the most unique marine life and coral ecosystems on the planet. The coral reefs of the Red Sea are renowned for their spectacular beauty and diversity. These vibrant ecosystems are visually stunning and crucial habitats for many marine species. Over 1,000 species of invertebrates and more than 200 species of soft and hard coral form the backbone of this underwater ecosystem, creating a living, breathing underwater city that’s bustling with activity.

Scuba diver passing by a wreckage of a large sunken ship in the Red Sea. - Photo by Istock at Istock
Scuba diver passing by a wreckage of a large sunken ship in the Red Sea. – Photo by Istock at Istock

The marine life here is equally fascinating, featuring a mix of Red Sea endemics – species found nowhere else in the world. The range of life is astounding from the majestic, slow-moving whale sharks to the tiny, vibrant nudibranchs. Schools of brightly colored fish swim amongst the coral, while larger species such as barracudas and hammerhead sharks patrol the deeper waters. This rich biodiversity not only makes the Red Sea a diver’s paradise but also a crucial area for marine research and conservation.

In the Red Sea, every dive is an opportunity to witness the delicate balance of marine life and to appreciate the natural beauty that thrives beneath the waves. It’s a world that continues to enchant and inspire, drawing divers back time and time again to explore its depths

 Top Dive Sites in Egypt

Egypt’s Red Sea coast is dotted with numerous dive sites, each offering its own unique underwater experiences. Here’s a glimpse into some of the most renowned diving destinations in Egypt.

Sharm El Sheikh

Sharm El Sheikh, a staple in the diving community, boasts an array of spectacular dive sites, with Ras Mohammed National Park being the crown jewel. This protected area is famed for its stunning coral walls and diverse marine life. Divers here are treated to a visual feast of vibrant coral gardens, teeming with schools of fish, and the occasional visit by aquatic species.

Sharm El Sheikh Eygpt - Photo by Istock at Istock
Sharm El Sheikh Eygpt – Photo by Istock at Istock


Another gem, Hurghada, offers an exciting mix of dive sites including several fascinating shipwrecks. The most famous among them is the SS Thistlegorm, a British World War II ship, now a haven for marine life and an underwater museum for divers. The wrecks and the area’s beautiful reefs make Hurghada a must-visit destination for divers.


Dahab is known for its relaxed vibe and incredible dive sites, with the Blue Hole being its most famous. This sinkhole is a challenging dive spot known for its deep blue waters and intriguing underwater arch. Alongside the Blue Hole, Dahab’s coastline is sprinkled with other dive sites, each offering its unique underwater landscapes and marine life.

 Marsa Alam

Further south, Marsa Alam is gaining popularity for its pristine dive sites. Elphinstone Reef, a region’s highlight, is a magnet for experienced divers. The dramatic walls of this offshore reef plunge into the deep blue, offering encounters with oceanic white-tip sharks and many other marine species.

Marsa Alam  - Photo by Istock at Istock
Marsa Alam – Photo by Istock at Istock

Remote Dive Sites

Egypt’s Red Sea offers remote dive sites for those seeking off-the-beaten-path experiences. These locations, while less accessible, reward divers with untouched coral reefs, abundant marine life, and the tranquility of having the underwater world almost to themselves.

4-Marine Life in the Red Sea

The Red Sea is a vibrant underwater mosaic teeming with a diverse array of marine life. Divers here are often astounded by the sheer variety of species they encounter.

In these waters, one can observe over 1,200 species of fish, of which around 10% are endemic to the Red Sea. This includes the colorful clownfish, majestic lionfish, and the elusive Red Sea angelfish. Larger species such as manta rays, dolphins, and even the occasional whale shark grace these waters, providing awe-inspiring encounters for divers.

The Red Sea is teeming with marine life, making it a popular destination for scuba diving and snorkeling. Here are some of the most commonly seen types of fish, coral, and other marine creatures:



These colorful fish are famous for their symbiotic relationship with anemones.

Clownfish - Photo by Istock at Istock
Clownfish – Photo by Istock at Istock


Angelfish - Photo by Istock at Istock
Angelfish – Photo by Istock at Istock

With their brightly colored bodies and flowing fins, angelfish are some of the most beautiful fish in the sea


These delicate fish are often seen flitting around coral reefs


These large fish are named for their beak-like mouths, which they use to scrape algae from coral reefs.

Surgeonfish: These fish have a scalpel-like spine on their tails that they use to defend themselves.


 Hard coral

 These corals build the reefs that are home to many marine creatures.

Hard coral - Photo by Istock at Istock
Hard coral – Photo by Istock at Istock

Soft coral

These corals have no skeleton and can move with the currents

Soft coral - Photo by Istock at Istock
Soft coral – Photo by Istock at Istock

Stony coral

These corals are the most common type of coral in the Red Sea

Brain coral

This type of coral has a brain-like appearance.

Brain coral - Photo by Istock at Istock
Brain coral – Photo by Istock at Istock

Fire coral

This type of coral has a stinging sensation that can cause pain.

Fire coral - Photo by Istock at Istock
Fire coral – Photo by Istock at Istock

Other marine creatures

Sea turtles

 These reptiles are often seen grazing on seagrass.

Sea Turtle Eygpt - Photo by Istock at Istock
Sea Turtle Eygpt – Photo by Istock at Istock


These playful mammals are often seen swimming in pods.

Dolphins - Photo by Istock at Istock
Dolphins – Photo by Istock at Istock


The Red Sea is home to a variety of shark species, including reef sharks, hammerhead sharks, and tiger sharks.

Scalloped Hammerhead Sharks in Redsea - Photo by Istock at Istock
Scalloped Hammerhead Sharks in Redsea – Photo by Istock at Istock

Manta rays

 These large, filter-feeding fish are often seen gliding through the water.

Manta Ray ,Red Sea - Photo by Istock at Istock
Manta Ray ,Red Sea – Photo by Istock at Istock


These colorful sea slugs are often seen on coral reefs.

Conservation efforts

 The Red Sea is a fragile ecosystem that is threatened by a number of human activities, including pollution, overfishing, and climate change. There are a number of conservation efforts underway to protect the marine life of the Red Sea, including:

 Establishing marine protected areas

These areas are off-limits to fishing and other activities that can harm marine life.

Enforcing fishing regulations

These regulations help to prevent overfishing and protect endangered species.

Educating the public

 This helps people to understand the importance of protecting the marine environment.

Supporting sustainable tourism

This helps to minimize the impact of tourism on the marine environment.

We can help protect the Red Sea’s marine life for future generations by working together.

Best Times to Dive in Egypt

With its warm waters and diverse marine life, Egypt offers exceptional diving opportunities throughout the year. However, the best time to dive in Egypt depends on your preferences and the specific diving experience you seek. Here’s a breakdown of the seasonal variations and their impact on diving conditions:

Scuba Diving Eygpt - Photo by Istock at Istock
Scuba Diving Eygpt – Photo by Istock at Istock

Spring (March-May)

  • Water temperature: 21-24°C (70-75°F)
  • Conditions: Pleasant water temperatures, good visibility, and calm seas make springtime an ideal time for diving. The abundance of marine life, including manta rays, turtles, and nudibranchs, adds to the allure of diving in Egypt during this season.

Summer (June-September)

  • Water temperature: 25-30°C (77-86°F)
  • Conditions: Summer brings the warmest water temperatures, making it a popular time for diving. The visibility remains excellent, and the waters are teeming with marine life, including pelagics like sharks and dolphins. However, the peak tourist season can bring crowds to popular dive sites.

Autumn (October-November)

  • Water temperature: 24-27°C (75-81°F)
  • Conditions: Autumn balances pleasant water temperatures, good visibility, and fewer crowds. The marine life remains abundant, and the cooler temperatures attract pelagic species like hammerhead sharks and thresher sharks.

Winter (December-February)

  • Water temperature: 21-23°C (70-73°F)
  • Conditions: Winter brings the coolest water temperatures, but the visibility remains good, and the crowds are minimal. This is an excellent time for diving if you’re looking for a more secluded experience. However, some pelagic species may be less active during this season.

Recommendations for planning a dive trip to Egypt:

  • Consider your personal preferences: If you prefer warmer water, plan your trip during the summer or autumn. If you prefer fewer crowds, consider spring or autumn.
  • Choose your dive destination: Egypt offers a variety of dive destinations, each with its unique attractions. Research different destinations to find the one that best suits your interests.
  • Book your trip in advance: Egypt is a popular diving destination, so it’s advisable to book your trip in advance, especially during peak seasons.
  • Pack appropriately: Pack warm clothing for the evenings, as well as sunscreen, a hat, and sunglasses for protection from the sun.
  • Choose a reputable dive operator: Choose a dive operator with a good reputation and experienced instructors.
  • Respect the marine environment: Be mindful of marine life and the underwater environment. Avoid touching or disturbing marine creatures and follow local regulations.

By considering these factors and following these recommendations, you can plan an unforgettable dive trip to Egypt and experience the wonders of the Red Sea.

Diving Conditions and Safety

Egypt’s Red Sea is renowned for its exceptional diving conditions, offering crystal-clear waters, vibrant marine life, and diverse dive sites suitable for divers of all levels. Here’s a comprehensive overview of diving conditions and safety considerations for divers in Egypt:

General Conditions

 Water Temperature

The Red Sea boasts warm water temperatures throughout the year, ranging from 21°C (70°F) in the winter to 30°C (86°F) in the summer. The average water temperature remains around 25°C (77°F), making it comfortable for diving year-round.


 The Red Sea is known for its exceptional visibility, averaging around 20-30 meters (65-98 feet). Although visibility can be affected by weather conditions and plankton blooms, it typically remains excellent

Diving Courses and Certification in Egypt

Egypt offers a wide range of diving courses, catering to beginners to advanced divers. Various internationally recognized certification bodies, such as PADI, SSI, and BSAC, have affiliated centers across the Red Sea coast.

For beginners, introductory courses and open water diver certifications provide the essential skills for safe and enjoyable diving. Advanced divers can opt for specialized courses in deep diving, wreck diving, and even underwater photography.

Selecting a Dive Center

  • Research is key when choosing a dive center. Look for centers with good reviews and certified instructors.
  • Prioritize centers that emphasize safety and environmental awareness.
  • Some popular dive centers are located in Sharm El Sheikh, Hurghada, and Dahab, known for their professional service and extensive course offerings.

Accommodations and Travel Tips

The Red Sea coast has a variety of accommodations, from luxury resorts to budget-friendly hostels, many of which cater specifically to divers.

Staying at Dive Resorts

  • Many resorts offer dive packages, which include accommodation, diving trips, and sometimes even courses.
  • Dive resorts are convenient as they provide easy access to dive boats and equipment rentals.

Transportation and Getting Around

  • Major tourist destinations like Sharm El Sheikh and Hurghada are well-connected by air with international and domestic flights.
  • Local transportation options include taxis, buses, and car rentals, making it easy to travel between different dive sites and towns.

Cultural and Environmental Responsibility

As divers, respecting the underwater environment and local customs is vital.

Responsible Diving Practices

  • Follow all guidelines for sustainable diving, such as not touching or disturbing marine life and coral.
  • Be mindful of your buoyancy and avoid stirring up sediment, which can harm the reefs.
Scuba Diver with Turtule - Photo by Istock at Istock
Scuba Diver with Turtule – Photo by Istock at Istock

Respecting Local Customs

  • When visiting Egypt, it’s important to be respectful of local traditions and dress codes, especially when outside tourist areas.
  • Support local communities by choosing local services and products where possible.


Diving in Egypt is an experience like no other, offering a unique blend of breathtaking marine life, rich history, and warm hospitality. Whether you’re a novice diver or a seasoned underwater explorer, the Red Sea’s captivating underwater world awaits. You can ensure an unforgettable and fulfilling diving adventure in Egypt by choosing the right course, staying in comfortable accommodations, and diving responsibly. Remember to respect both the marine environment and the local culture, and you’ll not only enjoy your diving experience but also contribute positively to this incredible destination.

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